ssr-engine
Engine for server site renderer
Last updated a year ago by ndaidong .
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ssr-engine

Engine for server site renderer. Based on Express.js and Pug template.

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Usage

App structure

Setup website data by the default structure as below:

  |-- src
      |-- assets
          |-- css
          |-- js
          |-- static
      |-- configs
      |-- pages
      |-- routers
      |-- templates
          |-- components
          |-- layouts
          |-- index.pug
  |-- package.json
  |-- server.js

Configuration

In order to get the website run, we need to specify some values, such as port, host, etc. The default port is 9999.

All site's configs should be placed under src/configs. Here is a simple src/configs/index.js:

const config = {
  ENV: 'development',
};

config.host = '0.0.0.0';
config.port = '8081';
config.url = `http://${config.host}:${config.port}`;

module.exports = config;

Initiate

Install ssr-engine as regular npm module if not yet:

npm i ssr-engine

Then, in server.js:

// server.js

const ssre = require('ssr-engine');
const config = require('./src/configs');
config.baseDir = __dirname;

ssre.configure(config);

// middlewares
const bodyParser = require('body-parser');
const cookieParser = require('cookie-parser');

const middlewares = [
  bodyParser.urlencoded({
    extended: false,
  }),
  cookieParser(),
];

// start with middlewares (optional)

let app = ssre.start(middlewares);
let appConfig = app.get('config');
let {
  ENV,
  url,
  port,
} = appConfig;

console.log(`Server started at the port ${port} in ${ENV} mode`);
console.log('Access website via', `${url}`);

module.exports = app;

With the above code, ssr-engine will do the following tasks:

  • load the config from src/configs
  • start Express server
  • attach the routers from src/routers

Routing

In the routers, we declare the equivalent page's scripts.

Here is a simple router:

const home = require('../pages/home');
const api = require('../pages/api');

module.exports = (app) => {
  app.get('/', home.start);
  app.get('/json', api.json);
};

Page script

Page script is place where we start handling the requests from client. We should transfer the parameters to the models, or additional helpers, utils, services... to keep these scripts short and clear. The last thing we need is output data to response in JSON format, or render with the template files.

Here is pages/api.js for the above router:

const json = (req, res) => {
  return res.json({
    message: 'Hello world',
  });
};

module.exports = {
  json,
};

And pages/home.js:

const {
  readFile,
} = require('../utils');

const start = (req, res) => {
  let data = {
    title: 'Welcome',
    message: 'Hello world',
  };
  return res.render('index', data);
};

module.exports = {
  start,
};

Templates

ssr-engine uses Pug, that means we have to write template in Pug syntax.

As we written in the above pages/home.js, at the end, we called res.render() method with 2 params. In which:

  • the first param is template file name, that will map to templates/index.pug
  • the second param is template data, will be parsed by Pug

For example:

//- templates/index.pug
h1 #{title}
.message #{message}

Assets & static data

In the template files, we can insert CSS and JavaScript files as normal.

Local CSS and JS resources should be placed under src/assets/css and src/assets/jss folders. They will be processed by PostCSS and Rollup, so that we are able to use the latest features in CSS4 or ES7 without problem.

Third party CSS/JS - by running npm run setup - were saved into dist/vendor. They, similar to other external resources, will be ignored.

Static data such as images, fonts, etc should be stored at src/assets/static. The whole content within this directory are public to the client.

Examples

License

The MIT License (MIT)

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