sand-mysql
MySQL Wrapper
Last updated 4 months ago by ksmithson .
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MySQL Grain for Sand.js

Build Status

This grain provides convenience functions working with MySQL.

These convenience functions include autoloading config, automatic connection setup and cleanup, basic querying, querying for a single row, update query building, insert query building, support for prepared statements (although please note that this uses node-mysql which does not use prepared statements under the hood as far as I know).

In the context of a Sand.js application which has also loaded sand-http, a mysql connection is autoloaded onto the Context. This is available globally throughout your sand application at sand.ctx.mysql. You do not need to worry about cleaning up connections, since sand-http will handle cleanup automatically when the request ends.

Install

npm install --save sand-mysql

Usage

sand.ctx.mysql.query('select * from user where join_time > ? order by join_time desc', [1442023198]); // [{user_id: 1, name: 'me'}, ...]

sand.ctx.mysql.selectOne('select * from user where join_time > ? order by join_time desc limit 1', [1442023198]); // returns {user_id: 1, name: 'me'}

sand.ctx.mysql.selectOne('select * from user where join_time > ? order by join_time desc limit 1', [1442023198]); // returns {user_id: 1, name: 'me'}

Config

Sand MySQL uses node-mysql connection config options. Some of the basic options are listed below

File

config/mysql.js

Config Properties

All properties listed below are attached to the same config object.

node-mysql specific
Property Name Type Required Description
host string Yes IP or hostname where your database server lives. For more info, see node-mysql.
user string Yes User for connecting to your database server. For more info, see node-mysql.
password string Yes User's password for connecting to your database server. For more info, see node-mysql.
database string Yes Name of your database. For more info, see node-mysql.

These are the required properties for node-mysql; however, all node-mysql properties are valid as well.

sand-mysql specific
Property Name Type Required Description
modifyRows function This hook will allow you to modify all results returned from the raw database query. The callback must be invoked with the desired result to be returned. function modifyRows(err, rows, function callback(err, rows))
autoReconnect bool Allow sand to auto reconnect enqueue errors (Default: true)

Grain API

Global Grain Reference

sand.mysql

Properties

Property Name Type Returns Description
createConnection(config) function Connection Creates a new Sand MySQL connection object.

MySQL Connection API

The Connection object is a Promise based wrapper around some of the most commonly used node-mysql functions. It also provides some convenience functions for common tasks.

Global MySQL Connection Reference

sand.ctx.mysql

Properties

Property Name Type Returns Description
query(sql, bindings) function Promise<Array<Object>> Execute any valid SQL query against the database and return an array of row objects. If modifyRows config option is set, the array of objects will be transformed there and then returned.
selectOne(sql, bindings) function Promise<Object> Execute a query against the database and return the first row of the results. This is handy when you're using LIMIT 1 in your query and you just want the object. If the number of results from the database is 0, then null is returned. If modifyRows config option is set, the result will be transformed there and then returned.
updateOne(table, values, where) function Promise<Object> Updates a single row matching the given where properties and returns the update result object from node-mysql. If modifyRows config option is set, the array of objects will be transformed there and then returned. values is an object of properties where each property key corresponds to a row in table. where is an object of properties which map to the columns in table and uniquely identify which rows to update. LIMIT 1 is automatically applied to the query built from these results, so be sure that your WHERE clause updates only one row.
insert(table, values, [postQuery]) function Promise<Object> Runs a INSERT INTO query using the given object of properties and the given table and returns the insert result object from node-mysql. If modifyRows config option is set, the array of objects will be transformed there and then returned. values is an object of properties where each property key corresponds to a row in table. postQuery is an optional string and, if set, will be appended directly to the internally built INSERT query; it can be used to add ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE clauses; note that the ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE must be in the postQuery; it is not appended automatically.
replace(table, values, [postQuery]) function Promise<Object> Runs a REPLACE INTO query with the given table name and properties and returns the replace result object from node-mysql.
beginTransaction() function Promise Opens a MySQL transaction
commit() function Promise Closes a MySQL transaction.
rollback() function Promise Rolls back a MySQL transaction.
pause() function Wrapper for pause(). See node-mysql.
resume() function Wrapper for resume(). See node-mysql.
end() function Wrapper for end(). See node-mysql.
destroy() function Wrapper for destroy(). See node-mysql.

Tests

Running the unit tests requires a mysql server.

Set the environment variables MYSQL_DATABASE, MYSQL_HOST, MYSQL_PORT, MYSQL_USER and MYSQL_PASSWORD. Then run npm test.

For example, if you have an installation of mysql running on localhost:3306 and no password set for the root user, run:

$ mysql -u root -e "CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS sand_mysql"
$ MYSQL_HOST=localhost MYSQL_PORT=3306 MYSQL_DATABASE=sand_mysql MYSQL_USER=root MYSQL_PASSWORD= npm test
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