A command-line tool for JAMScript
Last updated 2 months ago by ominibyte .
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$ cnpm install jamshell 
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JAMScript Shell Program

The JAMScript Shell allows multiple programs to be hooked and executed. The binary is currently named jamshell and would be the name installed to the system path

Starting the Shell (before npm install)

Via testing it can be started with:

node index.js <hook name>

For example: node index.js flow

The Hook names currently defined are: "flow", "jdata", "jdiscovery", "jview", "jamscript". However, these can be modified or removed or more could be added.

Starting the Shell (after npm install)

After installing, running the application from the terminal should be as easy as:

jamshell <hook name>

For example: jamshell flow

Adding/Modifying Hooks

The index.js file in the root directory has a types variable which states the Hooks which are currently supported. All Hooks extend the Hook class defined in hook.js. The hook class defines a prompt property which will be used as the shell prompt. The default is App>. This can be modified in the extending class. Each hook can also define the character that triggers the command to be executed. By default the newline character (\n) is used. This can be modified by setting the trigger property in the constructor. For example:

var Hook = require('./hook.js');

class MyHook extends Hook{
        this.trigger = ";"  //trigger command when the user presses semi-colon

Adding Commands to Hooks

When ever a command is triggered, the execute method of the active Hook receives the command and is expected to run synchronously. The Hook class defines utility methods for parsing commands. These could be used by subclasses. The same build object can used to show Usage help and also parsed to obtain required data from the terminal. As example of the build object is shown below:

class MyHook extends Hook{
        // command: ds <name>
        // description: List the data streams in the data source specified in <name>
        // options:
        // -f, --from <index> The offset/index to start from
        // -t, --to <index> The index to end
        // -h, --help See usage help
        //If we have the above elements for our command, we can build it as follows:
        var build = {
            cmd: "ds <name>",
            desc: "List the data streams in the data source specified in <name>",
            opts: [
                {cmd: "-f, --from <index>", desc: "The offset/index to start from"},
                {cmd: "-t, --to <index>", desc: "The index to end"},
                {cmd: "-h, --help", desc: "See usage help"}
            code: code,
            number: ['from', 'to']

In order to parse the build object, we call the method defined in the Hook class as:

var parsed = this.parse(build);

To generate the Help from that object we can do the following:


Ideally, we would want to first check if the user has specified the help flag by doing:

var parsed = this.parse(build);
if( parsed.help ){

The required options for the build are:

  1. cmd: The command pattern as is <command> or <command> <arg1> <arg2> ... <argN>. Now bear in mind that the names the command arguments are significant to retrieving the data stored in them. As an example:

        var build = {
            cmd: "listfiles <dir> <ext>",
        //the above creates a command that requires a directory (<dir>) 
        //and file extension (<ext>). The following are obtainable:
        var parsed = this.parse(build);
        if( parsed.dir != null && parsed.ext != null )
            doSomething(parsed.dir, parsed.ext);
        else if( parsed.dir != null )

    The command arguments are deemed as required (meaning that they will always be set) and the order is preserved. They will be set to null if they are not provided by the user.

    It is to be noted that the options can come either between the command and the command arguments or after the command arguments. As an example with the sample MyHook class, the following will yield the same output:

    jdata> ds logger --from 0 -t 5
    jdata> ds --from 0 -t 5 logger
    jdata> ds -f 0 -t 5 logger
    jdata> ds logger --to=5 --from=0
  2. code: This is the full command string passed into the execute function

The following options are supported but are optional:

  1. desc: The description of the Command. Used to generate the Usage Help.

  2. opts: The array of possible options which can be specified by the user. Each option is an object that must have at least a cmd property. The desc is optional and is mainly used for generating the Usage Help. The cmd property can list several aliases as in:

    var build = {
        opts: [
            {cmd: "-s, --size <number>", desc: "The maximum file size to show"},
            {cmd: "-t, --timestamp, --time <unix-time>"},
            {cmd: "--display-as-grid", desc: "Show files in Grid form"},
            {cmd: "-n, --no-empty", desc: "Ignore empty files"}

    Unlike the build.cmd property, the identifier in angle brackets (< ... >) in the build.opts.cmd are not significant. They are just used as hints especially when generating the Usage Help.


    i. A property like --display-as-grid will be converted to camelCase as be accessed from the parsed object as parsed.displayAsGrid

    ii. A property starting with --no as with --no-empty with evaluate to boolean as {empty: false} if specified.

  3. number: An array of options and/or command arguments that should be treated as numbers.

  4. boolean: An array of options and/or command arguments that should be treated as boolean.

  5. string: An array of options and/or command arguments that should be treated as strings even if they appears as numbers.

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