fb-messenger-es6
Facebook Messenger plaform library
Last updated 2 years ago by davidrussell731 .
MPL-2.0 · Repository · Bugs · Original npm · Tarball · package.json
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fb-messenger-es6


License: MPL 2.0 Build Status Coverage Status

Library to work with Facebook Messenger APIs.

Table of Contents

Setup

Install

npm install fb-messenger-es6

Import

import  { Client } from 'fb-messenger-es6';

Initialize

const facebook = new Client(<PAGE_ACCESS_TOKEN>);

Using proxy

const facebook = new Client(<PAGE_ACCESS_TOKEN>, { hostname:<PROXY_HOSTNAME>, port: <PROXY_PORT> });

Specify the Graph API version

Accepted versions: v2.6, v2.7, v2.8, v2.9

const facebook = new Client(<PAGE_ACCESS_TOKEN>, null, API_VERSION);

Creating facebook app

See facebook tutorial

Conversation

Sending Messages

Text Message

// basic message
facebook.sendMessage(new TextMessage('hello, world!'), USER_ID);

// message with quick reply
facebook.sendMessage(new TextMessage('truth or dare?')
    .addQuickReply(new TextQuickReply('truth', 'GAME_TRUTH_PAYLOAD')) //alternative way for setting text quick reply
    .addQuickReply(new TextQuickReply('dare')), USER_ID);

Sender Actions

// Mark last message as read
facebook.markSeen(USER_ID);

// Toggle typing indicators on or off
facebook.typingToggle(true, USER_ID); // true - on; false - off

// Alternatively
facebook.sendAction(SENDER_ACTION, USER_ID);

Attachment Reuse

const attachmentId = facebook.upload(new ImageAttachment('https://myapp.com/img/image.png'));

// subsequent calls using attachment_id
facebook.sendMessage(new ImageAttachment(null, attachmentId));

Supported Messages

  • Text Messages
  • Rich Media Messages (with attachment reuse)
    • Image
    • Video
    • Audio
    • File
  • Structured Messages
    • Button Template
    • Generic Template
    • List Template
  • Buttons
    • URL button
    • Postback button
    • Call button
    • Share button
    • Log In and Log Out buttons
  • Quick Replies (works in text, rich media & structured messages)

More to be added later

Receiving Messages

This section has code snippets for an express.js app

You should validate the signature before proceeding

import bodyParser from 'body-parser';
import { ValidateSignature } from 'fb-messenger-es6';
...
const validator = new ValidateSignature(APP_SECRET);
app.post('/webhook', bodyParser.json({ verify: (req, res, bf) => validator.validate(req, res, bf) }));

You can process the callbacks using ProcessIncoming which returns a minimal version of the callback to make it easier to handle

import { ProcessIncoming } from 'fb-messenger-es6';
...
app.use('/webhook', (req, res) => {
    if (req.method === 'GET') {
        if (req.query['hub.mode'] === 'subscribe' &&
            req.query['hub.verify_token'] === VERIFY_TOKEN) {
            return res.status(200).send(req.query['hub.challenge']);
        }
        return res.sendStatus(403);
    }
    else if (req.method === 'POST') {
        // Facebook requires a 200 OK HTTP res as fast as possible
        res.sendStatus(200);

        // NOTE: ProcessIncoming returns messages grouped by PAGE_ID
        const messages = ProcessIncoming(req.body);

        for (const message of messages[PAGE_ID]){
            handleMessage(message);
        }
    }
});

ProcessIncoming

Messages are grouped by PAGE_ID and contain callback default fields (sender, recipient, timestamp, type) and additional callback specific fields

{
    PAGE_ID: [
        {
            sender: 'USER_ID',
            recipient: 'PAGE_ID',
            timestamp: 1458692752478,
            type: '???', // message or message_read or message_echo or message_delivery or postback or account_linking
            ...CALLBACK_SPECIFIC_FIELDS,
        },
    ],
}

Below are the various CALLBACK_SPECIFIC_FIELDS returned after processing a callback:

Message

The callback default field type is message

Text Message

{
    ...CALLBACK_DEFAULT_FIELDS,
    text: 'hello, world!',
    quick_reply: 'DEVELOPER_DEFINED_PAYLOAD', // optional
}

Rich Media Messages

NOTE: attachment.type can be image, audio, video or file

{
    ...CALLBACK_DEFAULT_FIELDS,
    attachments: [
        {
            type: '???', // image or audio or video or file
            url: 'ATTACHMENT_URL',
        },
    ],
}

Stickers

When processing sticker messages, pass in your stickers map to text so you get sticker_type

{
    ...CALLBACK_DEFAULT_FIELDS,
    attachments: [
        {
            type: 'sticker',
            sticker_id: 369239343222814,
            sticker_type: 'LIKE',
        },
    ],
}

Location

{
    ...CALLBACK_DEFAULT_FIELDS,
    attachments: [
        {
            type: 'location',
            long: '-79.411079',
            lat: '43.761539',
        },
    ],
}
Message Delivered, Message Read & Message Echo

The callback default field type changes to message_delivery, message_read & message_echo respectively. There are no callback specific fields

Postback

The callback default field type is postback NOTE: As this could contain referral attribute, implementation could prioritize that over the payload

{
    ...CALLBACK_DEFAULT_FIELDS,
    payload: 'USER_DEFINED_PAYLOAD',
    source: 'SHORTLINK',
    ref: 'REF_DATA_SPECIFIED',
    source: 'SOURCE', // e.g 'SHORTLINK', 'ADS', 'MESSENGER_CODE' or 'DISCOVER_TAB'
    ad_id: 'AD_ID', // if source === 'ADS'
    type: 'OPEN_THREAD',
}
Account Linking Event

The callback default field type is account_linking

{
    ...CALLBACK_DEFAULT_FIELDS,
    status: 'linked',
    authorization_code: 'PASS_THROUGH_AUTHORIZATION_CODE',
}
Referral

The callback default field type is referral

{
    ...CALLBACK_DEFAULT_FIELDS,
    source: 'SHORTLINK',
    ref: 'REF_DATA_SPECIFIED',
    source: 'SOURCE', // e.g 'SHORTLINK', 'ADS', 'MESSENGER_CODE' or 'DISCOVER_TAB'
    ad_id: 'AD_ID', // if source === 'ADS'
    type: 'OPEN_THREAD',
}

User Profile

// if no second arg, it defaults to all
// possible fields ['first_name', 'last_name', 'profile_pic', 'locale', 'timezone', 'gender', 'is_payment_enabled', 'last_ad_referral']
facebook.getUserProfile(<USER_ID>);

// To specify fields, pass in a second arg
facebook.getUserProfile(<USER_ID>, ['is_payment_enabled']);

Messenger Profile

import { MessengerProfile } from 'fb-messenger-es6';

Setting properties

facebook.setMessengerProfile(new MessengerProfile().setGetStartedButton('Get Started')
    .addGreetingText(new GreetingText('hello, world')));

Reading properties

facebook.getMessengerProfile(new MessengerProfile().setFields(['greeting', 'get_started']));

Deleting properties

facebook.deleteMessengerProfile(new MessengerProfile().setFields(['greeting', 'get_started']));

Contributing

If you would like to contribute, you can fork the repository and send us pull reqs.

When submitting code, please make every effort to follow existing conventions and style in order to keep the code as readable as possible.

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