ay
Chainable array operations suitable for use inside coroutine generators (NB. this is NOT about lazy list transformation!)
Last updated 3 years ago by danielearwicker .
MIT · Repository · Bugs · Original npm · Tarball
$ cnpm install ay 
SYNC missed versions from official npm registry.

ay

Chainable array operations suitable for use inside coroutine generators (NB. this is NOT about lazy list transformation!)

The a is for array, the y is for yield.

Installation

NPM

In a generator being driven by something like co such as a koa route or middleware, you may want to work on an array with the standard ES Array methods: forEach, map, reduce, every, some, reduce, reduceRight.

This is fine except that you may also want to call one or more asynchronous helpers or APIs from within the callback you pass to the array method. For maximum clarity you'd like to use yield in the usual way. But the array methods don't accept a generator - only an ordinary function.

Example:

app.get('/users', function* () {
    var userIds = yield data.getUserIds();
    this.body = userIds.map(function(userId) {
        // THIS DOESN'T WORK
        return data.getUserInfo(userId);
    });
});

The call to data.getUserInfo needs to return an object describing a user. But it's asynchronous, so it actually returns a thunk, a promise, a generator, etc.

Using ay, we can wrap an ordinary array in an object that has the same callback-taking methods, but they take generators instead of ordinary functions:

var ay = require('ay');

app.get('/users', function* () {
    var userIds = yield data.getUserIds();
    this.body = yield ay(userIds).map(function* (userId) {
        return yield data.getUserInfo(userId);  
    });
});

The map function returns another ay wrapper, so further calls can be chained. An ay wrapper can be yielded to get the resulting array (it is "thenable", so mimics a promise sufficiently for co). This has the effect of "transmitting" the yields inside the callback to the outer context so they can be managed by the coroutine runner.

An chaining example, assuming an async sleep function:

var num = yield ay(nums)
    .map(function* (i) {
        yield sleep(10);
        return i * 2;
    })
    .filter(function* (i) {
        yield sleep(10);
        return i > 2;
    })
    .reduce(function* (a, b) {
        yield sleep(10);
        return a + b;
    });

Due to the high precedence of yield, it applies to the entire ay-expression and so the result of reduce is yielded.

Note that only the standard array methods that accept a callback are included. For other methods you can easily yield to get an ordinary array - note the placement of the parentheses:

var moreNums = (yield ay(nums)
    .map(function* (i) {
        yield sleep(10);
        return i * 2;
    }))
    .concat([10, 20, 30]);

A real example using `forEach, from bitstupid.com:

app.get('/bits/:of', function* () {
    var bit = yield data.readBit(
        this.params.of.toLowerCase(), 
        this.query.skip, 
        this.query.take);

    yield ay(bit.changes).forEach(function* (change) {
        change.info = yield data.getInfo(change.by);
    });

    this.body = bit;
});
Maintainers (1)
Downloads
Today 0
This Week 0
This Month 2
Last Day 0
Last Week 0
Last Month 2
Dependencies (1)
  • co ^3.0.6
Dev Dependencies (0)
None
Dependents (3)

Copyright 2014 - 2017 © taobao.org |