@nichoth/state
Abstract state container
Last updated a year ago by nichoth .
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old school mutable state

Abstract state container

This package provides minimal prototypes for creating state machines. The core is index.js, a class with 2 methods for subscribing to changes and publishing updates. All children inherit from this.

We use sorted lists of objects so frequently that list.js is included here, which has methods for basic crud operations.

There are several utility functions also -- extend, a helper for inheriting from this, Merge, which composes multiple state machines, and map.

install

$ npm install @nichoth/state

example

inherit from this module

var Store = require('../')
var xtend = require('xtend')
var assert = require('assert')

// you need to implement _state
// if _state is an object, it is deep cloned whenever we instantiate a
// new FooStore
var FooStore = Store.extend({
    _state: { foo: 'foo' },

    // **all methods should be synchronous**
    setFoo: function (value) {
        this._state.foo = value
        return this.publish()
    }
})

var fooStore = FooStore()

// get state
var state = fooStore.state()
console.log('initial state', state)
assert.deepEqual(state, { foo: 'foo' })

// subscribe to changes
var stopListening = fooStore.state(function onChange (state) {
    console.log('new state', state)
    assert.equal(state.foo, 'bar')
})
fooStore.setFoo('bar')

// unsubscribe
stopListening()
var stop = fooStore.state(state => assert.equal(state.foo, 'baz'))
fooStore.setFoo('baz')
stop()


// `_state` can be a function that returns initial state
var BarStore = Store.extend({
    _state: function (init) {
        return { bar: init }
    },

    setBar: function (val) {
        this._state.bar = val
        return this.publish()
    }
})

var barStore = BarStore('baz')
assert.equal(barStore.state().bar, 'baz')

State.Merge

Compose multiple state machines, and get change events whenever one of them changes


// emit a change event whenever one of the children changes
var merged = Store.Merge({
    foo: fooStore,
    bar: barStore
})

var unlisten = merged.state(function onChange (state) {
    console.log('merged', state)
    assert.deepEqual(state, {
        foo: { foo: 'aaaaa' },
        bar: { bar: 'baz' }
    })
})

fooStore.setFoo('aaaaa')

unlisten()

State.map

Take an existing store and return a new store that is mapped by a predicate function

var mapped = Store.map(function (state) {
    return xtend(state, {
        woo: 'woo'
    })
}, fooStore)

mapped.state(function onChange (state) {
    console.log('mapped', state)
    assert.deepEqual(state, { foo: 'hello', woo: 'woo' })
})

fooStore.setFoo('hello')

struct

A simple observable object with one method, .set.

var Struct = require('@nichoth/state/struct')
var assert = require('assert')

var myState = Struct({
    hello: 'world',
    foo: 'bar'
})

// do a shallow merge
myState.set({ hello: 'ok' })

assert.deepEqual(myState.state(), {
    hello: 'ok',
    foo: 'bar'
})

List

A sorted list of objects

var Store = require('../')
var ListStore = require('../list')
var assert = require('assert')

var Foos = Store.extend({
    // these are required
    idKey: 'id',
    sortBy: 'hello',
}, ListStore)

var foos = Foos()

console.log(foos.state())
assert.deepEqual(foos.state(), {
    data: {},
    sorted: [],
    hasFetched: false
})

list.get(array) => list

Set this store's list of sorted data

// the get method assumes the list is *already* sorted
foos.get([{ id: 2, hello: 'ham' }, { id: 1, hello: 'world' }])
console.log(foos.state())
assert.deepEqual(foos.state(), {
    data: {
        '1': { id: 1, hello: 'world' },
        '2': { id: 2, hello: 'ham' }
    },
    sorted: [ { id: 2, hello: 'ham' }, { id: 1, hello: 'world' } ],
    hasFetched: true
})

list.add(object) => list

Add an element in the correct sorted position

foos.add({ id: 3, hello: 'bar' })
assert.equal(foos.state().sorted[0].hello, 'bar')

list.edit(object) => list

Lookup an object by id, and update the given properties

foos.edit({ id: 3, hello: 'baz' })
assert.equal(foos.state().sorted[0].hello, 'baz')
assert.equal(foos.state().data['3'].hello, 'baz')

list.delete(object) => list

Lookup an object by id and delete it from the store

foos.delete({ id: 2 })
console.log(foos.state())
assert.deepEqual(foos.state(), {
    data: {
        '1': { id: 1, hello: 'world' },
        '3': { id: 3, hello: 'baz' }
    },
    sorted: [ { id: 3, hello: 'baz' }, { id: 1, hello: 'world' } ],
    hasFetched: true
})

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